Motor Vehicle Fatalities Involving Children and Impaired Drivers: Are Child Endangerment Laws Really Failing Us?

Law & Policy InsightsMaternal and Child HealthInjury Prevention and Safety

May 23, 2019
by Kerri McGowan Lowrey

One in five child passenger fatalities in the U.S. involve an impaired driver, most commonly the child’s own driver. Forty-six states and D.C. have child endangerment statutes that impose special sanctions for driving under the influence while transporting a child. Despite the widespread use of such laws, studies of their effectiveness suggest they may not be effective in preventing alcohol-related child fatalities in motor vehicle crashes, primarily due to low public awareness and lax enforcement.

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Dementia Reimagined: Essential Insights and a Call for Supportive Laws and Policies

Law & Policy Insights

May 21, 2019
by James G. Hodge, Jr.

A 2018 study from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that the U.S. burden of Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias will double by 2060. Responding to this national public health crisis of the mind facing millions of Americans and their families is essential. A recently released book, Dementia Reimagined, chronicles multiple opportunities to positively intervene in the lives of patients with dementia and their caregivers, and calls for national, state and local policy reforms to address deficiencies in the care and treatment of dementia.

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Access to Oral Health Care in the U.S. Remains an Issue, but Innovative Workforce Approaches Can Help

Law & Policy InsightsOral HealthOral Health Project

May 8, 2019

Despite progress in improving the nation’s oral health in recent decades, significant disparities still exist. People from rural communities, those with low incomes, racial and ethnic minorities, individuals with disabilities, pregnant women, and the elderly suffer disproportionately from tooth decay and gum disease and are less likely to visit a dentist than other Americans. Direct access laws and policies that authorize dental hygienists to provide oral health services in community-based settings, without the presence of a dentist, can bring important oral health care to underserved communities.

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The Debate over Air Safety and Children: What the Law Says About Car Seats on Planes

Law & Policy Insights

May 7, 2019
by Jennifer Bernstein

While the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) allows children under the age of two to travel in an airplane seated on an adult’s lap, they contend that the safest place for a child on an airplane is in a government-approved child safety restraint system or device, like a car seat. Despite laws allowing the use of certain car seats on aircraft, airlines are able to establish their own policies, and there is significant confusion among their personnel about what seats can be used.

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Addressing Social Determinants of Maternal and Child Health through Medicaid Managed Care

Law & Policy InsightsMaternal and Child Health

April 25, 2019

Social determinants of health (SDOH), including where people live, their education and economic stability, access to food and social context account for 60 percent of preventable mortality. States are beginning to use Medicaid Managed Care to provide Medicaid services that are uniquely aimed at addressing the many facets of SDOH.

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A Confusing Path Forward for Federal Regulation of Cannabidiol Products

Law & Policy InsightsMarijuana Legalization

April 18, 2019
by Mathew R. Swinburne

Dietary supplements and foods containing cannabidiol (CBD) are being sold over-the-counter throughout the United States. The over-the-counter sale of dietary supplements and foods containing CBD has created a lot of confusion regarding the legality of this practice because of CBD’s association with marijuana and recent changes in the 2018 Farm Bill.

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Privacy Officers and Data Sharing: A Q&A with Network Attorney Sallie Milam

Law & Policy Insights

April 11, 2019
by Sallie Milam

Building healthy communities requires access to relevant data from multiple sectors, including public health, health care, schools, human services, housing and law enforcement. Because they can be complex to navigate, federal and state laws governing data collection, use, and sharing can act as barriers to data use. With specialized knowledge in the use of data, privacy officers can help reduce this complexity, making data more accessible to the agencies they serve.

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New York City’s Public Health Emergency Order on Mandatory Measles Vaccinations – FAQs

Law & Policy Insights

April 11, 2019

This week, New York City declared a public health emergency in response to a measles outbreak which has infected hundreds of residents, mostly children. The emergency declaration includes an order for mandatory MMR vaccinations affecting residents in select areas of Williamsburg and Brooklyn where most of the existing infections have arisen. Some see the order as an unusual exercise of public health authority. Our FAQ breaks down the key components of the mandate and the legal requirements.

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Gaps in Federal and State Laws Leave Private Well Users Vulnerable to Drinking Water Contamination

Law & Policy Insights

April 9, 2019
by Betsy Lawton

There are distinct differences in how U.S. laws do (or don’t) protect individuals from drinking water contamination. While a landmark federal law, the Safe Drinking Water Act, generally protects individuals who use a public water supply from exposure to unsafe levels of regulated contaminants, there is no similar protection for the approximately 45 million U.S. residents who rely on private wells for water. This gap in regulatory oversight increasingly burdens rural households, where the risk of exposure to nitrate contaminates is highest.

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Border Wall Emergency 2019: Potential Impacts on Public Health Preparedness

Law & Policy Insights

March 28, 2019
by James G. Hodge, Jr.

President Trump’s declaration of a national emergency to authorize and fund the construction of a border wall along the U.S. southern border prompted an unprecedented response from Congress, which then passed a resolution to terminate the declaration. Ongoing politicization and forthcoming statutory amendments or court decisions may fundamentally change the scope of national emergencies in the future.

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