Community Health Needs Assessments

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) requires nonprofit hospitals to conduct an assessment of the health needs of the people in the communities they serve and take steps toward addressing those needs. Hospitals are required to consult with community members in this process, including those with expertise in public health. Many state and local health departments (HDs) are also conducting community health needs assessments similar to those required of nonprofit hospitals as part of a voluntary accreditation process or as a requirement to receive continued funding. Because nonprofit hospitals and HDs have similar goals and often serve similar people, the ACA community health needs assessment requirement represents an opportunity for collaboration between HDs and nonprofit hospitals.

The following resources provide information on community health needs assessments and explore ways in which public health agencies can collaborate with hospitals to improve the health of the people in the communities in which they serve.

 

Implementing the Affordable Care Act—Community Health Needs Assessments

A Q&A with Gene Matthews, Director of the Network’s Southeastern Region Office, on community health needs assessment (CHNA) efforts in North Carolina, and the challenges faced by hospitals, local health departments and community partners.

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In-Depth Analysis of North Carolina Hospitals' Community Health Needs Assessments and Implementation Strategies

Thursday, June 4 at 2 p.m. ET. This webinar will examine a Community Health Needs Assessment (CHNA) project completed by North Carolina nonprofit hospitals and provide best practices for developing CHNAs among hospitals, health departments and community partners. View the playback.

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Report: Review of North Carolina Hospitals' Community Health Needs Assessments and Implementation Strategies

This report reviews the first cycle of Community Health Needs Assessments (CHNA) and Implementation Strategies (IS) completed by North Carolina nonprofit hospitals as required by the Affordable Care Act.

 

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Community Health Needs Assessments: Aligning Hospital Investments and Public Health Outcomes

This webinar examines the legal framework for CHNAs, provides an overview of the implementation process and resources available, and shares case studies highlighting challenges and opportunities, particularly for health departments, in CHNA programs. View the playback

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Community Health Needs Assessments Q&A

In this Q&A, Mary Crossley, Professor of Law and former Dean at the University of Pittsburgh, School of Law helps us understand the Affordable Care Act’s community health needs assessment (CHNA) requirement and how it might foster collaboration between local health departments and hospitals.

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A Community Health Needs Assessment Collaboration Case Study

Quad Cities Community Health Needs Assessment

Community Health Needs Assessments (CHNA) are excellent opportunities for local health departments to enter into or bolster partnerships with nonprofit hospitals and Federally Qualified Health Centers. In the Quad Cities (Davenport and Bettendorf, Iowa; Rock Island and Moline, Illinois), this relationship is flourishing, in part due to an IRS requirement stemming from the Affordable Care Act (ACA).

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A Collaboration Opportunity: Community Health Needs Assessments

Health Needs Assessment

The ACA's community health needs assessment requirement for nonprofit hospitals may provide an opportunity for more in-depth collaboration between hospitals and public health departments where interaction already exists, and may provide an opportunity to develop partnerships where they are currently lacking.

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Issue Brief: New Requirements for Nonprofit Hospitals Provide Opportunities for Health Department Collaboration

This issue brief outlines the community health needs assessment (CHNA) requirement for nonprofit hospitals and suggests ways in which public health agencies and hospitals may be able to combine resources to address CHNAs.

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