Fatal drug overdoses have increased more than six-fold in the past three decades, and now claim the lives of over 36,000 Americans every year. Opioid overdose is reversible through the timely administration of the medication naloxone and the provision of ancillary emergency care. Although naloxone is a prescription medicine, it is not a controlled substance and has no abuse potential. Over 25 states have modified law and policy to make it easier for laypeople to access naloxone, with more making this change every year. Published research suggests that increased bystander naloxone access reduces overdose death rates, but naloxone access programs currently cover only a small fraction of the country.Thus, Emergency Medical Services (EMS) remain a crucial source for emergency naloxone administration.
This resource provides an overview of relevant laws and regulations in all 50 states, D.C., Guam, and Puerto Rico.