Guidance

State Legal Authority to Investigate the Spread of Communicable Disease

GuidanceEmergency Legal Preparedness and ResponseEmergency ResponseHealth Data Sharing and Privacy

May 5, 2020
by Colleen Healy Boufides

Many states grant broad legal authority to local health departments to investigate the causes and spread of communicable diseases. These powers are often contained in the state’s public health code and communicable disease rules. This guidance provide information on which provisions of state law a local health department can cite to compel sharing of information needed for a communicable disease investigation.

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