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Issue Brief

HIPAA Hybrid Entity Coverage Assessments

February 27, 2019


The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, Public Law 104-191 (HIPAA), covers most health departments at the state and local levels. This issue brief aids public health practitioners and their attorneys to better understand how HIPAA applies to services a health department may provide, options for coverage under HIPAA, and how these decisions directly impact data sharing, compliance burden and risk.

This issue brief highlights changes in law and regulatory enforcement action that provide compelling reasons for health departments to update their HIPAA coverage assessments, even if they are already hybrid entities.