Grimm v. Gloucester County School Board
Grimm v. Gloucester County School Board (U.S. Court of Appeals, 4th Circuit, August 26, 2020) –The U.S. Court of Appeals for the 4th Circuit ruled that the Gloucester County School Board policy prohibiting transgender students from using the restroom consistent with their gender identity is sex-based discrimination prohibited by Title XI, a federal civil rights law prohibiting discrimination based on sex. The challenged policy punished students for not conforming to sex stereotypes and was not substantially related to protecting student privacy. Rejecting the School Board’s defense that the policy allows transgender students to use single-stall bathrooms, the court noted that such a “separate but equal” policy is stigmatizing and discriminatory. Read the full opinion here.