Tax Incentives and Public Health: Injury Prevention on the Road, on the Water, and at Home

This policy brief examines how tax exemptions can encourage the use of child safety seats and bicycle helmets, prevent boating-related fatalities, and promote fire-safety in homes. 

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Policies to Support Physical Activity in Schools

Regular physical activity in childhood and adolescence is important for promoting lifelong health and well-being and preventing various health conditions. A policy analyst recently contacted the Network regarding policies designed to support physical activity in large school districts, particularly those related to recess and classroom activities that support physical activity.

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State Immunization and Lead Level Screening Requirements

A requester contacted the Network for information regarding which states allow religious exemptions to school immunization requirements and which states have blood lead level screening requirements. Surveys of states’ laws, from both the Network and other sources, detail policies currently in effect across the U.S.

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50 State Survey: State Lead Testing Policies for Children Not Enrolled in Medicaid

Currently, 20 jurisdictions have mandatory lead testing laws for children outside of the Medicaid program. There are three major categories of testing requirements: universal testing, targeted testing, and hybrid testing. Eight jurisdictions have universal testing requirements, seven states have targeted testing requirements, and five have hybrid policies. This survey summarizes lead testing requirements in each state across the country.

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Next Generation 911: Maryland Answers the Call to Upgrade the State’s Emergency Response System

Maryland’s current 911 system was developed in the 1960s, and what was state-of-the-art in communications then, is woefully outdated now. As a result, the system does not provide the most effective and efficient emergency response possible. Many people experiencing an emergency do not realize that most 911 centers in Maryland cannot receive their text messages or videos. Nor can the 911 operator determine a caller’s location when the caller uses a cell phone. “Next Generation 911” brings much-needed updates to antiquated systems like Maryland’s. 

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Primer: Opioid-related Public Health Emergency Declarations

This Primer on Opioid-related Public Health Emergencies provides key information and visual snapshots of federal, state, tribal, and local emergency declarations in response to the opioid crisis across the U.S. 

 

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Fact Sheet: Indian Health Service and Military Medical Prescription Drug Monitoring Program Requirements

Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs (PDMPs) can help clinicians improve decisions regarding opioid prescribing. However, since state laws and regulations governing access to these systems often apply only to providers licensed in the states in which the PDMP is located, and many federal health care workers are not so licensed, many federal providers are not subject to requirements. This fact sheet outlines the policies of the three federal health care institutions with regard to the use of PDMPs when prescribing opioids.

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State Coverage of Meals Associated with Non-Emergency Medical Transportation for Children in Medicaid

Access to transportation and nutritious food are essential for children in need of medically necessary health care services. A requester contacted the Network seeking guidance on whether, and how, states cover meals for low-income children when they are traveling for medical care. The Network examined how state Medicaid programs cover certain travel-related expenses necessary to secure examinations and treatment for children who are eligible for the Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnostic and Treatment (EPSDT) benefit.

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Vaccination Requirements for "Baby-to-Work" Programs

A requester from North Dakota contacted the Network to determine whether it was legally permissible to implement a mandatory vaccination policy for their “Baby-to-Work” program, which allows participants to bring their infants (six months old and younger) to work and keep them at their workspace throughout the day. Additionally, they wanted to know whether they were legally required to include certain exemptions in such a mandatory vaccination policy.

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Fact Sheet: Legal Interventions to Increase Access to Naloxone in Indiana

Indiana has modified its law to increase access to the opioid overdose reversing medication naloxone by making the medication easier to access and encouraging individuals who obtain naloxone to summon emergency assistance in the event of an overdose. The law’s provisions, however, are less supportive of those activities than similar laws in many states.

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