Issue Brief: Consent for Care and Confidential Health Information

This issue brief summarizes Michigan laws related to rights of minors to obtain health care without the consent or knowledge of their parents (focuses on Michigan provisions, which may have counterparts in other states).

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Disclosure of Individual Health Information – HIPAA Requirements

Under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), a health provider or other covered entity may be required or allowed to disclose protected health information to third parties without the authorization or agreement of the patient - but what are the patient's rights?

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Issue Brief: Disclosure of Certificates of Death in Indiana

This issue brief examines vital records practices of local health departments in Indiana, and the value of Certificates of Death as a public record and source of public health data. The brief also considers other challenges associated with death records, including research showing inaccuracies and other deficiencies in cause-of-death data as well as administrative and fiscal burdens on underfunded LHD systems.

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Issue Brief: Disclosure of Identifiable Information by the Veterans Health Administration for Public Health Purposes

This issue brief provides an overview of these statutes and requirements that permit, and in some cases require, VHA health facilities to release identifiable data, without the patient’s authorization, to public health agencies

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Legal Toolkit for Newborn Screening DBS

Newborn screening is a vital public health program that detects serious medical conditions that can cause devastating effects if treatment is not given prior to the onset of symptoms. Not all of the blood sample collected from newborns is used during routine screening, however, and after testing has been completed, many states retain the residual dried blood samples (DBS). This toolkit is intended to assist state policymakers to develop or improve policies for the use of DBS and related information

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Table: HIPAA and Minors’ Rights to Privacy

According to the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), the parent/guardian of a minor is usually treated as the minor’s representative and is entitled to view protected health information but there are exceptions. This table summarizes when a parent/guardian would not act as the minor’s personal representative; the federal/state laws HIPAA defers to when the parent/guardian is not the minor’s representative; and the duties/restrictions the health care provider faces

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Tool: Checklist of Information Needed to Address Proposed Data Collection, Access and Sharing

This resource provides a checklist to assist public health practitioners in providing relevant factual information to resolve questions about proposed health data collection, access and sharing.

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Quick Reference: HIPAA and Public Health

The HIPAA omnibus final rule is meant to enhance patients’ privacy protections, provide individuals new rights to their health information. This resource is a quick reference of the primary regulatory changes to HIPAA.

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Resource: Public Health Information Sharing

This document lists resources regarding selected laws that impact the collection, use, sharing and protection of individually identifiable personal or health information for public health purposes.

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