In 1994, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) adopted a list of 10 Essential Public Health Services to provide a national framework for public health performance standards. The framework describes public health activities that should be undertaken in all communities and defines responsibilities of local public health systems. The 10 Essential Public Health Services also provide the framework for the National Accreditation Program for state and local health departments. Accreditation promotes the voluntary national standard to measure and improve performance across local and state health departments, and is intended to encourage strategic investments and promote innovation through the advancement of evidence-based practices in public health. The 10 Essential Public Health Services are as follows:
This report analyzes the extent to which Michigan statutes facilitate or hinder the ability of local health departments to deliver these essential services.